The Five Wiccan And Pagan Elements
The four elements of Earth, Air, Fire, and Water, are very important for most Wiccans.
A fifth element, Ether/Spirit/Akasha,
is also used in many Wiccan traditions.

These elements are symbolic of physical, spiritual and emotional attributes and are part
of nature and ourselves. 

Ancient Greeks believed these four elements were at the root of all existing matter. Some see the points of the pentacle as representing the five elements.
The elements are commonly invoked at the beginning of rituals or used in their physical forms to symbolically purify the ritual circle.  Each element has associated symbols, rituals and meanings, which are outlined below.
Air represents the mind and intelligence, communication, telepathy, psychic powers, inspiration, imagination, ideas, knowledge, dreams and wishes.  In rituals, Air is represented in the form of tossing objects into the wind, aroma therapy, songs, and hiding things in high places. It rules spells involving travels, instruction, freedom, knowledge, discovering lost items,
and can also be used to develop psychic faculties. Air also rules the visualization.


Fire represents energy, inspiration, love, passion, leadership. In rituals, Fire is represented in the form of burning objects, love spells, baking, and lighting candles and fires. Fire is also the element of change and can represent magick itself. Fire is the most physical and spiritual of the elements.

Water represents emotions, absorption, subconscious, purification, eternal movement, wisdom, the soul, and emotional aspects of love and femininity. In rituals, it is represented in the form of pouring water over objects, brew making, healing spells, ritual bathing, and tossing objects into water.

Earth represents strength, abundance, stability, prosperity, wealth and femininity. In rituals, Earth is represented in the form of burying objects in the earth, herbalism,
and making images out of wood or stone.


Ether (also called Spirit) is the prime element present in all things, providing space, connection and balance for all Elements to exist. Ether is immaterial, unlike the Air, Fire, Water and Earth. Ether is essential to our sense of connectedness with spirit and
well-being and represents the sense of joy and union.